使用實例管理器輕松管理多個MySQL實例

一、MySQL數據庫的實例管理器概述:

1、MySQL數據庫的實例管理器(IM)是通過TCP/IP端口運行的後台程序,用來監視和管理MySQL數據庫服務器實例。

2、假如IM挂了,則所有的實例都會挂掉;假如實例挂了,IM會嘗試重新來啓動它。

3、IM讀取配置文件比如MY.CNF的[manager]段。

4、本文中的示例依據LINUX環境下試驗。

二、配置說明:

1、配置文件如下:

[manager]

user=mysql

default-mysqld-path = /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld

socket=/tmp/manager.sock

pid-file=/tmp/manager.pid

password-file = /etc/mysqlmanager.passwd

monitoring-interval = 2

port = 1999

bind-address = 192.168.0.231

log = /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqlmanager.log

run-as-service = true

[mysqld1]

...

[mysqld2]

...

這個有兩個配置實例,具體就不說了。見我的安裝多個實例的文章。

具體含義查看mysqlmanager --help

2、密碼文件

IM將用戶信息保存到密碼文件中。密碼文件的默認位置爲/etc/mysqlmanager.passwd。

密碼應類似于:

petr:*35110DC9B4D8140F5DE667E28C72DD2597B5C848

我的mysqlmanager.passwd內容

user_all:*6BB4837EB74329105EE4568DDA7DC67ED2CA2AD9

3、啓動IM

[root@localhost tmp]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqlmanager

WARNING: This program is deprecated and will be removed in 6.0.

[2483/3086632640] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] IM: started.

[2483/3086632640] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Loading config file 'my.cnf'...

[2483/3086632640] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Manager: initializing...

[2483/3086632640] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Manager: detected threads model: POSIX threads.

[2483/3086632640] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Loading the password database...

[2483/3086632640] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Loaded user 'user_all'.

[2483/3086632640] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] The password database loaded successfully.

[2483/3086632640] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Manager: pid file (/tmp/manager.pid) created.

[2483/3086632640] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] mysqld instance 'mysqld1' has been added successfully.

[2483/3086632640] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] mysqld instance 'mysqld2' has been added successfully.

[2483/3076139920] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Guardian: started.

[2483/3076139920] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Guardian: starting 'mysqld1'...

[2483/3076058000] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Instance 'mysqld1': Monitor: started.

[2483/3076058000] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Instance 'mysqld1': Monitor: starting mysqld...

[2483/3076139920] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Guardian: starting 'mysqld2'...

[2483/3076058000] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Instance 'mysqld1': Monitor: waiting for mysqld to stop...

[2483/3075894160] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Instance 'mysqld2': Monitor: started.

[2483/3075894160] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Instance 'mysqld2': Monitor: starting mysqld...

[2483/3075894160] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Instance 'mysqld2': Monitor: waiting for mysqld to stop...

[2483/3086632640] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Manager: started.

[2483/3075976080] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Listener: started.

[2483/3075976080] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Listener: accepting connections on ip socket (port: 1999)...

[2483/3075976080] [08/04/24 14:24:50] [INFO] Listener: accepting connections on unix socket '/tmp/manager.sock'...

...

InnoDB: than specified in the .cnf file 0 5242880 bytes!

080424 14:24:50 InnoDB: Started; log sequence number 0 46409

080424 14:24:50 [Note] Event Scheduler: Loaded 0 events

080424 14:24:50 [Note] /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld: ready for connections.

Version: '5.1.23a-maria-alpha-log' socket: '/tmp/mysql1.sock' port: 3306 MySQL Community Server [Maria] (GPL)

080424 14:24:50 [Warning] 'user' entry 'root@localhost.localdomain' ignored in --skip-name-resolve mode.

080424 14:24:50 [Warning] 'user' entry '@localhost.localdomain' ignored in --skip-name-resolve mode.

080424 14:24:50 [Note] Event Scheduler: Loaded 0 events

080424 14:24:50 [Note] /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld: ready for connections.

Version: '5.1.23a-maria-alpha-log' socket: '/tmp/mysql2.sock' port: 3309 MySQL Community Server [Maria] (GPL)

[2483/3076139920] [08/04/24 14:24:52] [INFO] Guardian: 'mysqld1' is running, set state to STARTED.

4、連接IM

[root@localhost ~]# mysql -uuser_all -p -S/tmp/manager.sock -P1999

三、用IM來管理MySQL數據庫

1、顯示實例的狀態和版本信息

[root@localhost ~]# mysql -uuser_all -p -S/tmp/manager.sock -P1999

Enter password:

Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.

Your MySQL connection id is 1

Server version: 1.0-beta

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the buffer.

mysql> show instances;

+---------------+--------+

| instance_name | state |

+---------------+--------+

| mysqld1 | online |

| mysqld2 | online |

+---------------+--------+

2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

關閉實例1

mysql> stop instance mysqld1;

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.30 sec)

mysql> show instances;

+---------------+---------+

| instance_name | state |

+---------------+---------+

| mysqld1 | offline |

| mysqld2 | online |

+---------------+---------+

2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

開啓實例1

mysql> start instance mysqld1;

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

Instance started

mysql> show instances;

+---------------+--------+

| instance_name | state |

+---------------+--------+

| mysqld1 | online |

| mysqld2 | online |

+---------------+--------+

2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

查看實例的版本信息

mysql> show instance status mysqld2;

+---------------+--------+----------------+

| instance_name | state | version_number | version | mysqld_compatible |

+---------------+--------+----------------+

| mysqld2 | online | 5.1.23 | 5.1.23a-maria-alpha for redhat-linux-gnu on i686 (MySQL Community Server [Maria] (GPL))

| no |

+---------------+--------+----------------+

1 row in set (0.00 sec)

也可以顯示實例的選項信息

mysql> show instance options mysqld1;

+-----------------------+-----------------------------------+

| option_name | value |

+-----------------------+-----------------------------------+

| instance_name | mysqld1 |

| basedir | /usr/local/mysql |

| datadir | /usr/local/mysql/data |

| user | mysql |

| default-character-set | utf8 |

| port | 3306 |

| socket | /tmp/mysql1.sock |

| skip-locking | |

| skip-name-resolve | |

| key_buffer | 126M |

| max_allowed_packet | 2M |

| table_cache | 512 |

| sort_buffer_size | 2M |

| read_buffer_size | 2M |

| read_rnd_buffer_size | 4M |

| net_buffer_length | 2K |

| thread_stack | 64K |

| log-bin | mysql.log |

| expire_logs_days | 5 |

| wait_timeout | 20 |

| pid-file | mysqld1-localhost.localdomain.pid |

+-----------------------+-----------------------------------+

21 rows in set (0.00 sec)

也可以查詢實例的日志相關信,不再贅述。

我們可以發現,管理實例其實非常方便。

2、管理用戶

(1)、添加管理用戶

[root@localhost ~]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqlmanager --add-user

WARNING: This program is deprecated and will be removed in 6.0.

[3046/3086816960] [08/04/24 14:33:13] [INFO] IM: started.

[3046/3086816960] [08/04/24 14:33:13] [INFO] Loading config file 'my.cnf'...

Enter user name: shit_all

[3046/3086816960] [08/04/24 14:33:18] [INFO] Loading the password database...

[3046/3086816960] [08/04/24 14:33:18] [INFO] Loaded user 'user_all'.

[3046/3086816960] [08/04/24 14:33:18] [INFO] The password database loaded successfully.

Enter password:

Re-type password:

[3046/3086816960] [08/04/24 14:33:23] [INFO] IM: finished.

[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/mysqlmanager.passwd

user_all:*6BB4837EB74329105EE4568DDA7DC67ED2CA2AD9

shit_all:*6BB4837EB74329105EE4568DDA7DC67ED2CA2AD9

注意:必須重新啓動IM才能生效。

[root@localhost ~]# mysql -ushit_all -p -S/tmp/manager.sock -P1999

Enter password:

ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied. Bad username/password pair

(2)、修改用戶密碼

[root@localhost ~]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqlmanager --edit-user

WARNING: This program is deprecated and will be removed in 6.0.

[3214/3086845632] [08/04/24 14:35:15] [INFO] IM: started.

[3214/3086845632] [08/04/24 14:35:15] [INFO] Loading config file 'my.cnf'...

Enter user name: shit_all

[3214/3086845632] [08/04/24 14:35:19] [INFO] Loading the password database...

[3214/3086845632] [08/04/24 14:35:19] [INFO] Loaded user 'user_all'.

[3214/3086845632] [08/04/24 14:35:19] [INFO] Loaded user 'shit_all'.

[3214/3086845632] [08/04/24 14:35:19] [INFO] The password database loaded successfully.

Enter password:

Re-type password:

[3214/3086845632] [08/04/24 14:35:24] [INFO] IM: finished.

(3)、刪除用戶

[root@localhost ~]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqlmanager --drop-user

WARNING: This program is deprecated and will be removed in 6.0.

[3338/3086501568] [08/04/24 14:36:42] [INFO] IM: started.

[3338/3086501568] [08/04/24 14:36:42] [INFO] Loading config file 'my.cnf'...

Enter user name: shit_all

[3338/3086501568] [08/04/24 14:36:45] [INFO] Loading the password database...

[3338/3086501568] [08/04/24 14:36:45] [INFO] Loaded user 'user_all'.

[3338/3086501568] [08/04/24 14:36:45] [INFO] Loaded user 'shit_all'.

[3338/3086501568] [08/04/24 14:36:45] [INFO] The password database loaded successfully.

[3338/3086501568] [08/04/24 14:36:45] [INFO] IM: finished.

(4)、列出當前管理用戶

[root@localhost ~]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqlmanager --list-user

WARNING: This program is deprecated and will be removed in 6.0.

[3366/3086087872] [08/04/24 14:37:07] [INFO] IM: started.

[3366/3086087872] [08/04/24 14:37:07] [INFO] Loading config file 'my.cnf'...

[3366/3086087872] [08/04/24 14:37:07] [INFO] Loading the password database...

[3366/3086087872] [08/04/24 14:37:07] [INFO] Loaded user 'user_all'.

[3366/3086087872] [08/04/24 14:37:07] [INFO] The password database loaded successfully.

user_all

[3366/3086087872] [08/04/24 14:37:07] [INFO] IM: finished.

[root@localhost ~]#

四、遠程管理

C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator>mysql -uuser_all -p -P1999 -h192.168.0.2

31

Enter password: ******

Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.

Your MySQL connection id is 3

Server version: 1.0-beta

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the buffer.

mysql> show instances;

+---------------+--------+

| instance_name | state |

+---------------+--------+

| mysqld1 | online |

| mysqld2 | online |

+---------------+--------+

2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> quit

總結:

MySQL數據庫的實例管理器對于多個MySQL實例的管理是很方便的,但它本身存在兩個不足:

1、不能直接進行數據庫的SQL管理命令。

2、一定要確保IM進程不會突然挂掉。

 
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